Alabama's Department of Mental Health (ADMH), working in partnership with the Alabama Department of Economic Affairs and multiple state agencies as well as community organizations, will develop a Centralized Data Repository (CDR) to hold data and distribute results to identified agencies. Combining the information from an arrest to treatment to death to hospital care to community impact will offer a data solution that allows analysis informing targeted strategies to reduce prescription drug abuse and opioid addiction. This combined data-driven initiative will aid in reducing the number of people diverting, misusing, and abusing prescription drugs and opioids in Alabama in a way that siloed data as it exists now will never be able to accomplish.
The Institute of Business Analytics (IBA) is the research hub for the Culverhouse College of Business at the University of Alabama. IBA will develop the Unified Nexus for Leveraging Opioid Crime Knowledge (UNLOCK) system, which will provide decision makers with the information they need to allocate resources and policies in a timely manner. The UNLOCK system will serve as a data communications pipeline whereby information from the Alabama Department of Forensic Sciences, Medicaid, and other future partners can flow back up the chain to decision makers in a de-identified manner. The data will consist of summarized toxicology information, evidence test results, and coroner death report information and other georeferenced data that will assist decision makers. The UNLOCK system will be deployed to field officers, law enforcement administrators, prosecutors, community affiliates, public health providers, and researchers to provide them with complete analytics capability.
The Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration is applying for a Category 2 statewide area grant in the amount of $6,000,000. The Arkansas COSSAP Project will address the opioid epidemic strategically and continue providing support to areas that have been disproportionally impacted by the abuse of illicit opioids, stimulants, and other substances, as indicated by a high rate of treatment admissions for substances other than alcohol; high rates of overdose-related deaths; and lack of accessibility to treatment and recovery services. The primary focuses of the proposed projects are comprehensive, real-time, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination; the development of peer recovery services and treatment alternatives to incarceration; and continued Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Site-based Program (COAP) overdose investigations involving peer recovery services and the implementation of strategies identified in the Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Strategic Plan. This project serves specific counties where high rates of opioid deaths have been identified in COAP Category 2; however, the specific subrecipients for the proposed projects have not been selected. The project includes partnerships between the Department of Finance and Administration Office of Intergovernmental Services (DFA-IGS), Department Human Services, Office of State Drug Director, and the Single State Authority, in addition to a new partnership between DFA-IGS and the Arkansas Coroners’ Association. Priority considerations addressed in this application include providing services to rural communities and the fact that the individuals (populations) intended to benefit from the project reside in high-poverty and/or persistent-poverty counties.
The Arkansas Office of the State Drug Director, together with Arkansas Foundation for Medical Care, proposes to create a statewide data sharing infrastructure with a single data repository/database; an interactive Web portal accessible by law enforcement, criminal justice, and health-care stakeholders; and syndromic drug overdose surveillance via dashboards and heat maps. The objectives of the project are to promote cross-system planning and coordination of opioid abuse prevention and treatment interventions through information-sharing partnerships with key stakeholders; increase the timeliness, comprehensiveness, and reporting of fatal and nonfatal opioid overdose data; disseminate surveillance findings to key stakeholders and policymakers to inform prevention and response efforts; and monitor use of the data sharing system and implement ongoing quality controls.
The Orange County Health Care Agency applied for a Category 1a rural area grant in the amount of $1,200,000. The Orange County Health Care Agency’s Closing the Gaps by Expanding Access for Reentry Clients program will provide (1) a transfer for those leaving Orange County Central Jail to a peer support recovery specialist for transportation and immediate connection to a case coordinator at one of four MAT and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment county clinics, (2) MAT and SUD treatment services by psychiatrists at the four county clinics, and (3) training by addiction specialist(s) for mental health workers and physicians in the county clinics on SUD and best-practices for working with MAT clients. This project serves Orange County, California, with approximately 3.2 million residents. The project includes partnerships between Correctional Health Services (CHS) and is supported by the Orange County Sheriff’s Department. Priority considerations addressed in this application include high rates of overdose deaths and a need to increase accessibility to treatment providers in the City of Santa Ana with areas of 25 percent poverty.
The City of Alamosa applied for Category 1c tribal/rural area grant funding in the amount of $599,997. The Angel Project will provide a non-arrest, self-referral pathway to connect addicted individuals to intensive case management and harm-reduction resources using the evidence- based Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI) model. The City of Alamosa is creating a system of care that will allow individuals to receive appropriate levels of service and treatment to address root challenges rather than utilizing a criminal justice system clearly not equipped to address substance use disorder effectively. The Angel Project will provide a third pathway into intensive case management, service coordination, and connection to harm- reduction resources. This project serves approximately 50,000 residents in the 12th Judicial District. The project includes partnerships between the City of Alamosa, Center for Restorative Programs, and the 12th Judicial District Office of the District Attorney. Priority considerations addressed in this application include the disproportionate impact of opioids and other substances on the region, the specific challenges faced by rural communities, and the high poverty area served by the project.
The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) will expand Colorado’s existing innovative, multidisciplinary approach to reduce opioid abuse and overdose by linking prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to key public health and public safety data sets to create a de-identified analytic data file that can be used to identify hot spots throughout the state. Specifically, CDPHE and its partners will achieve the following goals during the three-year project period: (1) enhance public safety/behavioral health/public health treatment partnerships to leverage key data sets to better understand Colorado’s opioid epidemic; (2) increase data-driven responses to Colorado’s opioid epidemic; and (3) assess the impact of the implementation of Colorado Senate Bill 18-022 on PDMP utilization and patient outcomes. The University of Colorado School of Medicine will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The District of Columbia Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (DC-OCME) has applied and been granted a Category 1a rural area grant in the amount of $1,200,000. DC-OCME Toxicology Opioid and Illicit Drug Surveillance (TOIDS) will reduce the impact of opioids, stimulants, and other substances on individuals and communities, including a reduction in the number of overdose fatalities, as well as mitigate the impacts on crime victims by supporting comprehensive, collaborative initiatives like conducting forensic toxicology laboratory testing of illicit drug misuse and novel testing for opioids. In addition, it will be analyzing comprehensive, real-time, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination; and streamlining the forensic toxicology lab testing methodology through Lean Sigma Six (LSS) training of staff and LSS reform of the lab. Products include a sustainable LSS lab and staff, a comprehensive reference of new opioids, and free online resources on DC-OCME’s web page. DC-OCME will disseminate best practices with community partner and advocates. This project serves the District of Columbia with a population of 702,455. The project includes partnerships between the Network for Victim Recovery of D.C., D.C. Forensic Nurse Examiners, D.C. Metropolitan Police Department, D.C. Department of Transportation, D.C. Office of Victim Services and Justice Grants, and D.C. Department of Health. Priority considerations addressed in this application include the poverty priority, the persistent poverty counties priority, and Qualified Opportunity Zones.
Pinellas County is developing a Strategic Information Partnership (SIP) to (1) support real-time/timely data collection from key stakeholders to better articulate the current state of the problem; (2) improve communication for targeted outreach, enforcement, and education; (3) support cross-system planning and data evaluation to better inform policymakers on targeted interventions; and (4) leverage scarce resources and avoid duplication of efforts.
The Pinellas County CARE Team Expansion will enhance current overdose response by increasing connections and engagements in community substance use treatment services, providing peer support to overdose survivors and families, conducting overdose fatality reviews to identify trends and potential gaps in the system of care, and increasing first responder and community access to naloxone. This project serves Pinellas County, Florida, with an estimated population of 970,532. The project includes partnerships between Pinellas County Human Services and Pinellas County Safety and Emergency Services.
The County of Fulton applied for Category 1a urban grant funding in the amount of $1,200,000. The Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Program will expand Fulton County’s comprehensive efforts to identify, respond to, treat, and support those impacted by substance use disorders and reduce impact on the criminal justice system. The Fulton County Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities (DBHDD) and its partners will expand pre-arrest diversion, case management, and training for law enforcement personnel to the city of Atlanta and two other jurisdictions using the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion model; provide recovery support services including transitional or recovery housing through Fulton DBHDD and its local partners; and offer evidence-based treatment including medication-assisted treatment through partner Grady Hospital. This project serves the city of Atlanta (population 498,044). The project includes partnerships between the Atlanta Fulton Pre-Arrest Diversion Initiative, Grady Hospital, Mary Hall Freedom House, Atlanta Recovery Center, Trinity Community Ministries, Sober Living of America, There’s Another Option, Highsmith Collins, Atlanta Police Department, and the Fulton County Offices of the District Attorney, Public Defender, and Solicitor General. Priority considerations addressed in this application include Qualified Opportunity Zones, high-poverty areas, and a lack of accessibility to treatment providers, facilities, and emergency medical services. Dr. Kevin Baldwin from Applied Research Services serves as the lead evaluator for the proposed project.
The Georgia Criminal Justice Coordinating Council applied for Category 2 statewide area grant funding in the amount of $2,289,701. The Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Site-based Program will (1) establish a multi-locality naloxone initiative to include continued training for law enforcement personnel and provide funding to assist with the replenishment of the opioid reversal drug; (2) establish and implement a pre-arrest/post-booking diversion program for youth and adults who have a moderate to high risk of substance abuse within Athens-Clarke County; (3) provide K-12 youth in Athens-Clarke County with increased access to education and treatment; and (4) provide a comprehensive, real-time, information collection database for the City of Savannah to expand the pre-arrest diversion program, which is funded through the FY 2018 Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Site Program (COAP). This project serves serve 23 of Georgia’s 159 counties. The project includes partnerships between Athens-Clarke County Unified Government and City of Savannah.
The Screven County Sheriff's Office applied for Category 1c tribal/rural grant funding in the amount of $587,825. The Comprehensive Opioid, Stimulant, and Substance Abuse Site-based Program will (1) employ needs assessment tools to identify and prioritize services for jail offenders, (2) expand diversion programs for drug offenders to improve responses to offenders at high risk for overdose or substance abuse and provide alternative-to-incarceration services to those suffering from substance abuse disorders, (3) deliver an evidenced-based prevention program, and (4) offer rigorous program evaluation providing feedback and improvement opportunities. This project serves Screven County, Georgia, with a population of 14,300. The project includes partnerships between the Community Service Board of Middle Georgia, Ogeechee Division; Drug Court for the Ogeechee Judicial Circuit; and scientific partners. Priority considerations addressed in this application include a 100 percent rural county, high-poverty area, and Qualified Opportunity Zone.
The Iowa Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy will facilitate the collation and dissemination of data from multiple sectors into a statewide opioid dashboard, the Iowa Opioid Data Exchange (IODE). The Division of Intelligence and Fusion Center will be the lead implementation agency for this project. Key partners include state agencies and other organizations with primary responsibility for administration of data, which are central to the success of this project. These partners include the Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy, Department of Public Health, Iowa Board of Pharmacy (Prescription Drug Monitoring Program [PDMP]), Iowa Office of State Medical Examiner, Division of Intelligence/State Fusion Center (in coordination with the Midwest High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas [HIDTA]), State Crime Laboratory, Iowa Emergency Medical Services Bureau, Iowa Poison Control Center, and Iowa Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning. The multidisciplinary dashboard will provide a holistic and timely opioid-related surveillance report from a variety of public health and public safety data sets. IODE aims to improve the connectivity, cohesiveness, timeliness, and overall effectiveness of opioid-related surveillance data collection, analysis, and sharing to enhance the health and public safety response in rural communities and larger cities across Iowa.
Boone County applied for Category 1c rural/tribal area grant funding in the amount of $599,000. The Boone County Support Outreach Recovery Team will to fill the identified need for a community law enforcement officer to work with the individuals who have been arrested and fill the identified need for an addiction counselor to work with the county’s jailed population. The second purpose of this program is to fill the identified need for an addiction counselor who will work as a recovery coach with Boone County’s jailed population. This individual will deliver services such as moral reconation therapy and substance abuse counseling. This project serves Boone County, Illinois (population 53,606). The project includes partnerships between the Boone County Health Department, the multidisciplinary team, the Rosecrance, and the Belvidere Police Department.
Cook County will hire an epidemiologist at the Cook County Medical Examiner’s Office (CCMEO) to assist in fulfilling data requests from partner agencies and performing drug-related statistical analysis pertaining to opioid-related deaths; install progressive updates in the CCMEO’s digital case management system to include additional data that may be pertinent to the collaborating agencies; and quantitate naloxone concentrations in postmortem samples if the drug is present in a decedent’s system. Partnering agencies will include the Cook County Department of Public Health, the Chicago Department of Public Health, the Cook County Health and Hospitals System, and the Chicago High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area.
The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) intends to use the grant funds to bring together multidisciplinary partners in a workgroup, which will then build a centralized repository of cross-sector data, provide enhanced data analyses with data dashboard outputs based on stakeholder needs, and evaluate best practices for data dissemination into the communities. This project will leverage key data sets to create a holistic view of the Illinois environment to facilitate targeted interventions and will identify best practices for information sharing. The workgroup will report data and seek input from the Illinois Opioid Crisis Response Advisory Council, which is led by the Illinois Department of Human Services. The opioid-related data available for this project include IDPH data on overdose deaths, hospitalizations, emergency department visits, emergency transport naloxone administration, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and viral hepatitis statewide case reporting data.
The Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion County (HHC) is implementing a Category 1a urban area grant in the amount of $1,200,000. The Health and Hospital Corporation Expanding Prevention and Care project proposes a two-pronged approach. First, the project is an expansion of Project POINT (Planned Overdose Intervention, Naloxone, and Treatment), an opioid overdose response team located in the Eskenazi Health Department, which will add services for patients with stimulant or other substance use disorders. The second approach is the establishment of a new arm of the Marion County Public Health Department (MCPHD) Substance Use Outreach Services, Youth Virtually, which will provide a prevention program aimed at high-risk youth facing suspension or expulsion from Indianapolis Public Schools for possessing drugs and/or drug paraphernalia on school property. The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted the implementation of this evidence-based online program, ensuring participation regardless of restrictions due to the virus. The project serve s Marion County (home of Indianapolis, Indiana) with a population of 964,582. The project includes partnerships between the HHC divisions of Eskenazi Health, Indianapolis Emergency Medical Services, and MCPHD. Other collaborators include the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department; Indianapolis Public Schools, including the Unified Students Support Division and the Positive Supports Academy; and Indy HeartBeat, a public safety provider in Indianapolis. Priority considerations addressed by this project include high-poverty areas, enhanced public safety in Qualified Opportunity Zones, and the disproportionate impact of the opioid epidemic on Marion County, which is experiencing higher rates of opioid overdose than many other areas of the country.
The Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion County will tackle opioid misuse in Indianapolis, Indiana, by increasing community access to naloxone and connecting high-risk, opioid-misusing patients to undergo treatment for substance misuse. The project, dubbed Project POINT (Planned Outreach, Intervention, Naloxone, and Treatment), is a comprehensive response to Indiana’s opioid crisis. The project is operated by the Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion County, with close collaboration from the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department (IMPD) and the City of Indianapolis Office of Public Health and Safety. An additional project goal is to work with the Center for Criminal Justice Research to integrate data among local law enforcement, public safety, treatment, and public health agencies. The Indiana University Center for Criminal Justice Research will serve as the action research partner.
The Purchase District Health Department applied for Category 1b suburban area grant funding in the amount of $900,000. The Purchase District Health Department program will implement a coordinated response to illicit opioids, psychostimulants, and counterfeit prescription drugs in Purchase. Four types of activities will be implemented: (1) provide naloxone for law enforcement and other first responders; (2) establish law enforcement and other first responder diversion programs; (3) conduct comprehensive, real-time, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination; and (4) provide recovery support services, including recovery housing and peer recovery support services. This project serves eight counties totaling 196,563 people in western Kentucky. The project includes partnerships between law enforcement, first responders, and public health agencies who are active members of the Purchase Area Health Connections Opioid Task Force.
The Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center (KIPRC), bona fide agent for the Kentucky Department for Public Health, intends to implement a project that will strengthen interagency as well as researcher-practitioner collaborations, expand data sharing, and improve decision making of regulatory and law enforcement agencies and public health officials in their efforts to reduce prescription drug misuse and diversion as well as illicit drug use. The goals of the project are to evaluate the impact of Kentucky Law SB32, which required the inclusion of drug conviction data in Kentucky All Schedule Prescription Electronic Reporting (KASPER); develop and provide education for prescribers and dispensers on the content of conviction data within KASPER patient reports; evaluate changes in gabapentin prescribing and diversion since gabapentin became a Schedule V controlled substance in Kentucky in 2017; analyze existing and new data sets for identification of drug abuse; and hold quarterly action team meetings to review recent data. The project's research component will be performed by action researchers from KIPRC, the Institute for Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy (IPOP), and the Center on Drug and Alcohol Research (CDAR), University of Kentucky.
The Louisiana Office of Behavioral Health is partnering with the Louisiana Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice to expand the Louisiana Opioid Surveillance System to include nonhealth data sources, which will be built by third-party contractor GCR, Inc. The goals are to enhance surveillance of the opioid abuse continuum from pre- and post-legislative impacts and relationships between parolees, etc., to support data-driven methods for cross-system planning and collaboration, and to engage a stakeholder group to develop best practices for data sharing efforts. A multidisciplinary action group will be formed to develop targeted interventions in select areas. Brandeis University will assist in the evaluation of longitudinal data related to the PMP.
The Boston Police Department (BPD), in partnership with the Boston Public Health Commission, will expand and enhance a community-based, first-responder, post-overdose follow-up program in the city of Boston. Multidisciplinary teams consisting of at least one BPD member and one public health advocate will conduct home-based outreach intervention with at least 100 individuals per quarter who have recently experienced nonfatal opioid overdoses to provide access to naloxone and recovery support services. These individuals will receive prioritized access to detoxification and treatment services, as well as access to medication-assisted treatment. Dr. J. Richard Woy of JRW Associates will serve as research partner.
The City of Holyoke Police Department (HPD) applied for Category 1c rural/tribal area grant funding in the amount of $597,650. Project ERASE (Expansion of Recovery from Addiction to Substances Efforts) will implement a multicomponent intervention program designed to (1) support individuals with opioid, stimulant, and other illicit substance issues with interventions to reduce addictions and associated mental health needs, (2) reduce overdoses and overdose deaths through prevention and intervention strategies, and (3) reduce substance-related crime in Holyoke. This project serves Behavioral Health Network and Gandara, the Holyoke Police Department, Hampden County Sheriff, Holyoke Probation, and research partners. The project includes partnerships between the House of Corrections to provide detox treatment options and develop a law enforcement liaison between HPD, the courts, and probation personnel. Priority considerations addressed in this application include a high-poverty area and enhanced public safety in Qualified Opportunity Zones.
The City of Northampton applied for Category 1a urban area grant funding in the amount of $1,194,203. The City of Northampton Public Health/Public Safety Post-Overdose Outreach Program will reduce opioid overdose deaths and enhance public safety through the development, implementation, and expansion of interventions focused on the following allowable uses: law enforcement and other first responder diversion programs; comprehensive, real-time, regional information collection, analysis, and dissemination; and naloxone for law enforcement and other first responders. The first aim of this project is to expand DART — a countywide, nationally recognized public safety/public health post-overdose, high-risk substance use disorder, and family, community, and bereavement support program. This project serves a population of 28,726 in Northampton, Massachusetts. The project includes partnerships between South County Action EMS and Northampton Recovery Center. Priority considerations addressed in this application include Qualified Opportunity Zones.
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Sheriff’s Department Hampden applied for a Category 1b suburban area grant in the amount of $900,000. Hampden County Sheriff’s Department’s All Inclusive Support Service Program will reduce opioid-related overdoses and related fatalities. The program will take a multipronged approach to (1) enhance a database in Hampden County that will allow for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of comprehensive, real-time overdose information, and (2) implement a law enforcement, first responder-driven multidisciplinary overdose prevention, response, and diversion referral model known as the Rapid Response and Connection Program. This project serves Hampden County, Massachusetts, which has a population of 470,406. The project includes partnerships between the Hampden County Sheriff’s Department, Office of the District Attorney, Baystate Medical Center, Trinity Health Mercy Medical Center, local law enforcement entities, and other established community partners. Priority considerations addressed in project include the disproportionate impact from substance use on a rural, high-poverty census tract and public safety impact in Qualified Opportunity Zones.
Plymouth County Outreach (PCO), a police and treatment outreach approach to high-risk individuals, will continue to develop its countywide, multifaceted approach involving law enforcement, hospital, recovery, and local treatment partnerships that conduct post-overdose home follow-up visits to overdose survivors who are not initially admitted to a hospital or treatment services. The local research partner, Kelley Research Associates, created a unique, real-time overdose tracking system that supports the daily overdose response program. The East Bridgewater Police Department will make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Franklin County Sheriff’s Department applied for Category 1c rural/tribal area grant funding in the amount of $600,000. The Community Opportunity, Network, Navigation, Exploration, and Connection Team (CONNECT) will provide real-time assistance to individuals who survived, witnessed, or are at risk of an opioid overdose (e.g., family, family drug court participants, children, and community members). Team members will make in-person follow-up visits within 72 hours to individuals who survived or witnessed an opioid overdose, including affected children, to assess health, behavioral, and social needs. In addition, team members will connect individuals to community-based behavioral health, treatment, and recovery support services, while ensuring that opioid overdose survivors and witnesses navigate care across the criminal justice, human services, and educational systems. The program will expand Naloxone availability and appropriate use by first responders and law enforcement personnel, focusing on Naloxone deserts, and establish a system that offers real-time data collection, analysis, and dissemination of key data points to reduce opioid-related deaths. This project serves 87,130 residents in 30 communities spanning two rural counties in Western Massachusetts. The project includes partnerships between research scientists Pamela Kelley and Dr. Sean Varano and other community stakeholders representing law enforcement, the peer recovery community, harm reduction, courts, housing, and other basic human needs sectors.
The Trial Court of Massachusetts, on behalf of six states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont), will establish a New England Regional Judicial Opioid Initiative (RJOI). This project will support comprehensive cross-system planning and collaboration among officials who work in multiple justice and justice related settings while staying focused on the judiciary and judiciary stakeholders (e.g. law enforcement, pre-trial services, the courts, probation and parole, child welfare, reentry, prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), and emergency medical services, as well as health-care providers, public health partners, and agencies that provide substance use disorder treatment and recovery support services). The New England RJOI will also develop and enhance public safety, behavioral health, and public health information-sharing partnerships that leverage key public health and public safety data sets and implement interventions based on this information. The project will have a researcher and is presently completing contract negotiations for these services.
The Town of East Bridgewater applied for Category 1a urban area grant funding in the amount of $1,200,000. Plymouth County Outreach (PCO) will enhance the current PCO model in three ways: (1) creating a reentry support system for those returning from the Plymouth County House of Corrections with identified substance use disorders; (2) developing hotspot-targeted outreach to areas experiencing disproportionately high overdose rates; (3) expanding the harm-reduction toolkit distributed during post-overdose home visits to include items related to opioids and stimulants, including naloxone. This project serves Plymouth County, which has a population of 521,202. The project includes partnerships between 27 municipal police departments in Plymouth County, as well as the Bridgewater State University Police Department, Plymouth County District Attorney and Sheriff’s offices, as well as all local hospitals and treatment facilities. Priority considerations addressed in this application include a high rate of overdose deaths in a persistent poverty area.
The Maryland Department of Health will develop a multidisciplinary data-governing framework and will partner with the Chesapeake Regional Information System for our Patients (CRISP) for data linking and for the establishment of a data warehouse. The data-governing framework will inform the design of a data warehouse to more efficiently utilize state resources while enabling secure access to drug-involved data. The data-governing framework and warehouse infrastructure will work in concert to produce key, data-driven, actionable recommendations guiding the state’s opioid response and enhance public safety, public health, and behavioral health partnerships and program evaluations.
The Michigan State Police, in partnership with the University of Michigan, will develop and pilot Community Overdose Assessment Teams (COATs) in up to three counties. The purpose of a COAT will be to review each overdose to identify causes and incidences of opioid overdose deaths within the selected sites, identify risk factors and gaps in the systems, develop recommendations to agencies of each local COAT to prevent future deaths, and provide recommendations to the state on how to address the epidemic, such as changes to laws or regulations.
The Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension will create a drug monitoring initiative within the Minnesota Fusion Center. Key partners include local, state, federal, and tribal public safety and public health agencies, including the Minnesota Prescription Monitoring Program (MNPMP), Minnesota Department of Health, Department of Human Services, and Minnesota Poison Control.
The County of St. Louis applied for Category 1b suburban area grant funding in the amount of $897,607. The St. Louis County FY 2020 COSSAP Initiative will expand access to evidence- based treatment (including medication-assisted treatment and recovery services in jail), expand peer recovery support services and access to treatment for rural residents, and provide coordination to support comprehensive responses to substance abuse. This project serves St. Louis County with a population of approximately 200,431. The project includes partnerships between the St. Louis County Jail, Recovery Alliance Duluth, Human Development Center, and Duluth Family Medicine Clinic. Priority considerations addressed in this application include providing services to Qualified Opportunity Zones, addressing communities that are primarily rural and/or localities facing persistent poverty, and serving a region that has been disproportionately impacted by substance abuse.
The purpose of this project in St. Louis, Missouri, is to develop an information sharing ecosystem in order to create a repository for storing and managing anonymized, case-level data from across the enterprise to allow authorized personnel to access aggregated data through specially designed dashboards and analytics tools for tactical and strategic decision making. We will develop the technical and governance infrastructure to securely pass information between criminal justice and public health agencies in a timely, efficient, and accurate manner that conforms to national justice information sharing standards and industry best practices. The goal is to use the summary data to monitor progress on diverting the target population to develop sustainable, community-based prevention initiatives to combat opioid misuse and promote population health. Summary data from an array of data contributors will assist the City to ensure that the practices and policies that are implemented meet the needs of the target population.
The Lamar County Board of Supervisors applied for Category 1c rural/tribal area grant funding in the amount of $599,981. The Lamar County LEAD Program will develop a trauma-informed, comprehensive, community-based response to divert individuals experiencing opioid or stimulant misuse/abuse from the criminal justice system to treatment. The objectives are to (1) divert 100 individuals with SUD from the criminal justice system to treatment and case management service providers, and (2) provide harm-reduction case management services to 150 individuals with SUD. A total of 250 individuals will be served over the project period. This project serves Lamar County, Mississippi, which has a population of 63,300. The project includes partnerships between Pine Belt Mental Healthcare Resources’ Grant and Research Department. Priority considerations addressed in this application include the lack of accessibility to treatment providers and facilities and emergency medical services, and rural challenges.
The Mississippi State Department of Health will establish a state opioid and heroin data center to serve as an information resource for Mississippi. A comprehensive analysis of multiple data sources produced from this center will be utilized by the community, health-care providers, and other stakeholders to reduce the number of inappropriate opioid prescriptions and decrease the number of opioid fatalities in Mississippi. The objectives are to leverage key data sets to create a holistic view of the environment; inform Mississippi prescribers, policymakers, law enforcement, other stakeholders, and the public about the impact of prescription drug and heroin abuse for development of data-driven, evidence-based interventions; and use data to examine state and local-level policies for conformance with best practices and facilitation of positive interventions.
The Mississippi State Department of Health will improve data quality for ongoing monitoring of the impact of opioid abuse in the state by (1) incorporating Syndromic Surveillance clinical data; (2) integrating emergency medical services (EMS) data with Syndromic Surveillance so that providers may view opioid overdose events; (3) enhancing EMS data quality so as to report opioid/drug overdose events; and (4) enhancing law enforcement data quality.
The City of Billings applied for Category 1b grant funding in the amount of $900,000. The Billings Peer Support Diversion Program (Billings PSDP) will develop a peer support-driven prebooking diversion program that provides support for individuals at high risk of overdose or chronic substance abuse. The program will use trained and certified peer support specialists, working independently and embedded with law enforcement to engage in street outreach with the chronically homeless through mobile behavioral health crisis response. The primary objective of the project is to use evidence-based strategies to divert high-risk individuals from incarceration into treatment and social support services. The project will also overcome local barriers related to length of treatment for methamphetamine recovery and limited recovery housing options in the community. This project serves individuals who have been arrested and chronically homeless individuals with opioid or stimulant use disorders in all of Yellowstone County, with a focus on downtown Billings, where this population is concentrated. The project includes partnerships among the City of Billings, Billings Police Department, Downtown Billings Association, and Rimrock, Montana’s largest mental health and substance abuse treatment provider. Priority considerations addressed in this application include a Qualified Opportunity Zone.
The city of Jacksonville proposes to implement peer navigators to provide case management to individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD); a law enforcement-assisted diversion program (LEAD); a Quick Response Team; continuum of care for children and families of individuals with OUD, including a psychologist in the schools; and establish an overdose fatality review board. Doctors Christina Lanier and Kristen DeVall from the University of North Carolina Wilmington will evaluate the project.Project Profile
The Henderson County Health Department, through the County of Henderson, applied for Category 1b grant funding in the amount of $900,000. The funds will be used to expand access to recovery support services. The program seeks to provide peer-delivered services with a focus on rehabilitation and recovery, utilizing North Carolina certified peer support specialists and care coordinators. Services provided by the certified peers include psychosocial rehabilitation, habilitation, family support and training, short-term crisis intervention, and empowerment. This project serves a suburban area or medium-sized county with a population between 100,000 and 500,000. The project includes partnerships between Henderson County’s Behavioral Health Summit, Free Clinix, and Hope RX.
The County of Lenoir applied for Category 1b grant funding for the amount of $288,713. The purpose of the project is to improve capacity of the district’s Family Accountability and Recovery Court (FARC) to serve families involved in the family court system due to substance dependence. Project objectives include providing more seamless and comprehensive treatment, as well as recovery services to parents with substance use disorders through increased staff capacity, enhanced training and professional development, and expanding treatment and complementary services. The project also aims at addressing systemic barriers faced by parents with substance use disorders through family transitional housing and expanded transportation assistance, as well as improving FARC performance through evaluation and performance management. This project serves North Carolina’s 8th Judicial District (Lenoir, Wayne, and Green counties). The total population of the district is 201,483. The project includes partnerships between Lenoir County, the 8th Judicial District FARC program, Hope Restorations Inc., Kinston Community Health Clinic, and the National Center for State Courts. Priority considerations addressed in this application include rural challenges, high and persistent poverty, and improved safety in Qualified Opportunity Zones.
The Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services will form a multidisciplinary action group; develop a data dashboard utilizing a combination of vital records data, hospital discharge data, Nebraska Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (NePDMP) data, and geographic information of treatment services available in Nebraska; and increase the number of toxicology trainings and reports on suspected drug-related overdose fatalities. This data dashboard will aid in areas such as developing targeted interventions, creating data-driven responses, and determining best practices. The action group will encompass representatives from areas such as behavioral health and treatment agencies, pharmacies, hospitals, law enforcement, and local agencies, all of whom will then oversee the development of this dashboard. The prescription drug overdose prevention epidemiologist will be the staff member responsible for collecting and reporting the required performance measures.
The County of Bergen applied for a Category 1a urban area grant in the amount of $1,200,000. The BCPO-COSSAP Project will establish a comprehensive, evidence-based response to the opioid crisis. This response will be composed of multiple teams and initiatives, including the Heroin Addiction Recovery Team (HART), Fair Lawn Initiative (FLI), and a county-level Overdose Fatality Review Team. These teams will work independently and share data to best coordinate response needs for opioid and addiction needs across Bergen County. This project serves Bergen County, which is home to 948,046 residents. The project includes partnerships between the Bergen County Police Chiefs Association; Bergen County police departments; Newark Community Solutions, Center for Court Innovation; Center for Alcohol and Drug Resources, a division of Children’s Aid and Family Services; Bergen County Health Department and Division of Alcohol and Drug Dependency; and New Bridge Medical Center. Priority considerations addressed in this application include Bergen County’s 12 Qualified Opportunity Zones.
The New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety (DLPS) will collaborate with state agencies to develop a computerized, data-sharing dashboard, known as the Integrated Drug Awareness Dashboard (IDAD). The IDAD will leverage data sets specific to each agency, such as the New Jersey State Police and the Division of Consumer Affairs, and include identified and de-identified arrest and drug seizure data and Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) data in one centralized platform. The goal is to synthesize multiagency information to create specialized and user-specific reports that will improve the sharing of opioid information across state agencies. The dashboard will create a holistic picture of the opioid environment, help develop targeted interventions, develop analytic opioid hot spots, and push notifications. Montclair State University will serve as the action research partner.
The New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety (DLPS) will collaborate with state agencies to develop a computerized, data-sharing dashboard, known as the Integrated Drug Awareness Dashboard (IDAD). The IDAD will leverage data sets specific to each agency, such as the New Jersey State Police and the Division of Consumer Affairs, and include identified and de-identified arrest and drug seizure data and Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) data into one centralized platform. The goal is to synthesize multiagency information to create specialized and user-specific reports that will improve the sharing of opioid information across state agencies. The dashboard will create a holistic picture of the opioid environment, help develop targeted interventions, develop analytic opioid hot spots, and push notifications. Montclair State University will serve as the action research partner.
The New Mexico Human Services Department applied for Category 2 statewide area grant funding in the amount of $6,000,000. The implementation and enhancement of Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) programs in New Mexico will reduce criminal behavior, decrease criminal justice and emergency health service utilization, and improve public safety by supporting the development of LEAD in tribal and nontribal jurisdictions. The project aims to reduce drug overdose and improve the quality of life for people with a substance use disorder while supporting a coordinated collaborative response to behavioral health among criminal justice, social service, and public health systems. This project serves approximately 900,000 residents in New Mexico. The project includes partnerships between Bernalillo County, Santa Fe County, Taos County, Lea County, San Juan County and San Miguel County. Priority considerations addressed in this application include the high rate of individuals in New Mexico jails and prisons estimated to have an untreated substance use disorder and the high rates of racial disparity in corrections.
The Dutchess County Department of Behavioral and Community Health will lead an effort to prevent overdose fatalities through timely, comprehensive information sharing within a communitywide collaborative that includes public safety, public and behavioral health, and other vested partners. This will strengthen community capacity to respond to acute overdose-related risks and build a sense of shared efficacy and resiliency in the face of an ongoing, ever-evolving epidemic. These goals will be achieved by applying objective methodology in three areas: (1) transformation of an existing underdeveloped task force into a streamlined, well-equipped, data-driven, opioid response collaborative, (2) enhanced overdose surveillance relating to populations at risk as well as emergent, high-risk substances, and (3) comprehensive capacity building initiatives aimed at integrating harm-reduction principles into existing service delivery models and identifying and addressing disparities in access to behavioral health services.
Erie County, New York, will establish an opioid mortality review board to inform future public health practice and policy related to primary and secondary prevention of opioid addiction and mortality through action research that operationalizes insight gained from mortality reviews.
In response to the 303 percent increase in synthetic opioid-related deaths from 2014 to 2015, the Erie County Department of Health will increase community access to naloxone and link overdose survivors to treatment. The project aims to more effectively link individuals across the sequential intercept model to care. In cases in which individuals cannot be connected directly to care, they can be linked to local organizations for support. Funds will also be used to create an ongoing systematic geospatial analysis of law enforcement and emergency medical services (EMS) calls for service and the product that caused each overdose. To take advantage of other information systems, the program will leverage data from I-STOP, the state’s prescription drug monitoring program. The program will be led by a multidisciplinary team with representatives from consumer peer groups, EMS, and behavioral health. Researchers from the University of Buffalo will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The County of Erie applied for Category 1a urban area grant funding in the amount of $1,200,000. The Erie County New York Comprehensive Quick Response Program to Overdose will enhance the county’s Law Enforcement Diversion Programs using the Quick Response Program to Overdose (QRP model). The model will blend various strategies to work in a comprehensive manner, including expanding naloxone distribution/deployment by law enforcement, police remotely referring overdose survivors from the field to MAT in emergency departments (using the Buffalo MATTERS telemedicine appointment capability), and leveraging the HIDTA ODMAP app to link survivors to the public health peer teams for follow-up and navigation to long-term treatment agencies. The Erie County Comprehensive Quick Response Program to Overdose will provide a seamless flow after an opioid overdose rescue by police. ODMAP will initiate a follow-up through the public health peer response team, who will reach out to the survivor to offer support at each stage of the process and track their engagement with treatment. This project serves Erie County, with a population of 925,702. The project includes partnerships between public health, law enforcement, emergency medicine services, high- intensity drug trafficking areas (ODMAP program), county mental health, family advocates, and the SUNY at Buffalo research evaluation partner. Priority considerations addressed in this application include targeting high-poverty areas and designated Qualified Opportunity Zones in economically distressed areas of Erie County.
The Seneca Nation of Indians applied for Category 1c tribal/rural area grant funding in the amount of $595,366.30. The Seneca Nation’s Native Connections Clubhouse Program (SNNCP) will provide opioid, stimulant, and substance abuse education, prevention, and intervention programming that connects law enforcement agencies with K-12 students and provides ongoing community support systems for at-risk youth. Objective one is to provide school administrations, students, and families with access to law enforcement agencies through the School Resource Officer Program; connecting K-12 students to opioid, stimulant, and substance abuse education, prevention, and intervention programming and resources. Objective two is to provide Native American youth and families with access to evidenced-based opioid, stimulant, and substance abuse prevention and intervention strategies/tools/programs beyond traditional school/business hours by opening an after-hour’s safe place, the Clubhouse, for a minimum of 25 hours per week on the Allegany Territory. This project serves the Seneca Nation of Indians Tribe. The project includes partnerships between Lakeshore Central Schools and Silver Central Schools.
The City of Ithaca applied for Category 1b suburban area grant funding in the amount of $900,000. The Ithaca LEAD Program (ILP) will reduce repeated arrests and incarceration for people whose unlawful conduct stems from unmet behavioral health needs in the city of Ithaca and adjacent towns in Tompkins County, New York. ILP will reduce racial disparities in criminal justice involvement for the region’s African-American population, reduce unnecessary arrests and prosecutions imposed on the justice system, improve officer efficiency, maximize the value of the city’s community-based service array, and improve outcomes for this complex population. In the era of COVID-19, these changes are especially critical. Across the nation, officers are confronting new challenges in interacting with people on the street; jails are striving to reduce incarceration so as to mitigate COVID-19 risks; and judges, attorneys, and court staff are seeking to reduce congestion in courtrooms. This project serves the city of Ithaca, New York. The project includes partnerships with Tompkins County District Attorney and Legislature, Community Leadership Team DCI, Ithaca Police Department, Tompkins County Sheriff, REACH Medical, Greater Ithaca Activities Center, and the LEAD National Support Bureau. Priority considerations addressed in this application include Qualified Opportunity Zones, as well as challenges faced by rural communities and high-poverty areas.
Ulster County is applying for Category 1b suburban area grant funding in the amount of $900,000. The High-Risk Mitigation Team (HRMT) will increase ORACLE’s capacity to respond to overdose scenes by providing crisis intervention training (CIT) to officers throughout Ulster County. The project will develop the HRMT to work directly with ORACLE, providing certified peer advocate services (CRPA) and intensive case management within the city of Kingston, New York. The project will also develop an initial alert system for first responders in Kingston to alert the ORACLE team of overdose when it happens. This project serves Ulster County, a community of approximately 177,573 people. The project includes partnerships between the Ulster County Department of Health and Mental Health, Ulster County Sheriff’s Office, and ORACLE team. Priority considerations addressed in this application include a high rate of primary treatment admissions for heroin or other opioids and a high rate of overdose deaths.
Butler County of Ohio applied for Category 1B grant funding in the amount of $900,000. The Butler County COSSAP project aims to reduce the impact of opioids, stimulants, and other substances on individuals within its communities, through reducing the number of overdose fatalities, as well as mitigating the impacts of on crime victims by supporting comprehensive, collaborative initiatives. This project serves Butler County, home to a population of 382,000. The project includes a partnership with Miami University’s Center for School-based Mental Health Programs. Priority considerations addressed in this application include rural challenges in a high-poverty area and Qualified Opportunity Zone.
The City of Columbus Department of Public Safety applied for grant funding in the amount of $1200,000 under Category 1A. This project serves the 1,316,756 residents of the city of Columbus and Franklin County, Ohio. The Rapid Response Emergency Addiction Crisis Team (RREACT) EMS Outreach Unit is a unit within the Division of Fire’s Training and Emergency Medical Services Bureau and is supported by the Division of Police’s Crisis Response Team. RREACT EMS outreach members include firefighters/paramedics, Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) certified peace officers, a substance use case manager, a registered SUD nurse, a family case manager, and trauma specialist. This multidisciplinary outreach team goes directly into communities to connect with opioid users who survive overdose, but then refuse EMS transport to the emergency room. The goal of the outreach unit is to proactively create connections and build relationships with opioid users. RREACT follows up with addicted individuals in the community within 48 hours of nonfatal overdose; checks in on their immediate health and wellness; provides resource information, and creates opportunities for users to link with harm-reduction supplies, treatment programs, and social service supports. RREACT actively partners with local treatment providers, public health departments, justice agencies, and Franklin County’s Family and Children First Council to achieve desired project outcomes. Gretchen Hammond with Mighty Crow, Inc. serves as the evaluator for the proposed project. The applicant is eligible for COSSAP priority consideration based on overdose rates in Franklin County and the City of Columbus and the project’s impact on increased public safety in Qualified Opportunity Zones.
The Dayton Police Department (DPD) — serving the city of Dayton, Ohio (population 146,040) — sought grant funding from COSSAP Category 1b in the amount of $899,964 to provide services in Dayton, mitigating the incidence of overdose/overdose deaths and addressing a substantial increase in opioids, stimulants, and other illicit substance use. DPD will support development, implementation, and expansion of a comprehensive, quick-response model by adding additional staff of certified peer support personnel, including in-reach services with the Montgomery County Jail, and targeting veterans and other identified at-risk populations. DPD will apply best-practice law enforcement strategies, including installation of FLOCK Safety License Plate Reader units and upgrading family-friendly interview rooms into evidence-based prevention programs operated by WestCare Ohio, and will contract with Cordata Health Initiatives to implement a customizable database designed for and currently being utilized by COSSAP-funded programs in Ohio to track and report quick-response and peer-lead services. Priority considerations addressed in this application include Qualified Opportunity Zones.
Public health – Dayton and Montgomery County will work with county partners and Ascend Innovations to create a more robust multidisciplinary approach to data sharing by incorporating law enforcement data, coroner’s office data, mortality data, crime lab data, criminal justice data, treatment data, hospital emergency department and inpatient encounter data, and naloxone administration data. The data will be used by the county’s Community Overdose Action Team and the Poisoning Death Review Committee to create a comprehensive view of the addicted population in Montgomery County, Ohio, and to assist in developing specific plans for prevention and intervention strategies. Ascend Innovations will also serve as the evaluator on the proposed project.
The Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS) applied under Category 2 on behalf of the State of Ohio for grant funding in the amount of $6,000,000 for the First Responder Diversion Programs in Ohio project. Through this grant, first responder diversion (FRD) programs will be created and/or expanded in rural and urban areas across Ohio. The project serves Cuyahoga, Fairfield, Franklin, Hamilton, Lawrence, Lorain, and Mansfield counties. Federally designated Qualified Opportunity Zones and high-poverty areas were a consideration in identifying several of the pilot sites. The project partners include OCJS, Cordata, Talbert House, the University of Cincinnati, and drug task forces in participating FRD sites.
Ross County Health District applied for Category 1c rural/tribal area grant funding in the amount of $600,000. The Ross County Peer Recovery Service Center will expand access to treatment and recovery support services for individuals at high risk of overdose involving opioids, stimulants, and other substances through a new program of countywide coordination of recovery support services. System coordination will occur early in the individual’s involvement with the criminal justice system, identifying key recovery sites for navigation and service connection. The project will employ a dedicated peer recovery services coordinator who works out of the Ross County Community Action Commission (RCCAC) through a newly developed service line: a countywide Peer Recovery Service Center (PRS Center). In addition, dedicated recovery housing capacity will be a part of the recovery support system, as will an enhanced network of peer recovery supporters. The Ross County Peer Recovery Service Center will enhance the applicant’s current integrated service delivery system that promotes public health, sustained recovery, and safety for the community. This project serves Ross County, with a population of 76,666. The project includes partnerships between the RCCAC, Ross County Sheriff’s Office and Ross County Jail, Ross County Probation, Post Overdose and Response Team, Ross County Common Pleas Court, Ohio University-Chillicothe, the Ross County Recovery and Outreach Center. Priority considerations addressed in this application include documentation of rural challenges.
Clackamas County applied for grant funding in the amount of $900,000 under Category 1B for the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) Plus project. This project serves the 424,747 residents of Clackamas County, which consists of urban, suburban, and rural areas spanning 1,879 square miles (larger than the state of Rhode Island). The primary goals of LEAD Plus are to continue and enhance the implementation of the LEAD program and add a new layer of coordination that connects the many opioid and substance abuse efforts in the county into a truly comprehensive and integrated approach. Key partners included in this project include the Clackamas County District Attorney’s Office, Clackamas County Sheriff’s Office, Milwaukie Police Department, the Indigent Defense Corporation, homeless/houseless service providers, and substance abuse treatment providers. There are no priority considerations with this project.
Allegheny County applied for grant funding under Category 1a in the amount of $1,199,505 to build needed pre-arrest/pre-booking diversion pathways to harm-reduction services for individuals with SUD/COD — leveraging Allegheny County Department of Human Services’ (DHS) Pathway to Care and Recovery, the county’s new front door to treatment and support, as well as other crisis system resources. This project will support diversion from the criminal justice system at two crucial points: (1) pre-arrest, so that police officers can divert individuals to the Engagement Center, avoiding arrest and incarceration entirely; and (2) pre-booking, so that magisterial district judges can divert individuals from getting booked in the jail during their initial bail hearing. This project will also build upon planning efforts with various suburban municipalities who have expressed interest in teaming together to establish flexible options for pre-arrest diversion to mobile case managers Allegheny County’s proposed project for COSSAP addresses the high-poverty area and Qualified Opportunity Zone priority considerations, as it is intended to benefit individuals who reside in these areas and will improve public safety.
The Montgomery County Department of Public Safety (MCDPS) will develop and enhance public safety, behavioral health, and public health information sharing partnerships that leverage key public health and public safety data sets (e.g., de-identified prescription drug monitoring program [PDMP] data, naloxone administrations, emergency medical services [EMS] run data, fatal and nonfatal overdose data, 9-1-1 dispatch information) by implementing the Emergency Medical Overdose Surveillance System (EMODSS) Project. The EMODSS Project will be established as a permanent initiative under MCDPS, Division of Homeland Security, Intelligence Fusion Center. The EMODSS Project will be used to supplement Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP) data with a goal of creating an automatic feed from EMODSS to ODMAP. The information acquired through EMODSS will enhance the Liberty High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA) regional situational awareness picture.
The Pennsylvania Department of Corrections will focus on persons reentering the community from Pennsylvania Department of Corrections facilities who are high-frequency utilizers of services across systems (e.g., justice, health care, social services). Project efforts will focus on improving data sharing across relevant entities in the Commonwealth, with formation of a stakeholder team to advise on naloxone distribution, data sharing systems, and administrative protocols. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Pennsylvania Department of Health will develop and implement a systematic, sustainable Web-based solution to obtain timely and accurate statewide drug overdose death report data from Pennsylvania county coroners and medical examiners. Overdose death data collected and analyzed through this solution will be used to support statewide, county, and local-level drug death information sharing for public safety, behavioral health, and public health prevention, as well as rescue and treatment initiatives. This data will also be incorporated into Pennsylvania’s Opioid Data Dashboard.
The Rhode Island State Police will implement the Heroin-Opioid Prevention Effort (HOPE) Initiative, the nation’s first statewide law enforcement-led opioid overdose outreach program, modeled after the Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI). The HOPE Initiative engages law enforcement personnel in a proactive outreach strategy to combat the opioid overdose epidemic by bringing together substance-use professionals and members of law enforcement with the mission of reaching out to those who are at risk of overdosing and encouraging them to be assessed and treated. The project will support the HOPE Initiative by enhancing the ongoing efforts of state and local government to address the opioid overdose epidemic, including gathering real-time law enforcement data on opioid overdoses to identify individuals with opioid use disorder. In addition, the project will support a program involving law enforcement and case management to provide outreach to individuals with opioid use disorder. Outreach efforts will include victims and child welfare services. Data gathered through the HOPE Initiative will be shared with the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP). Kelley Research Associates will serve as the project evaluator.
Cocke County Government, located in the rural Appalachian Mountain region of eastern Tennessee, applied for grant funding under Subcategory 1b in the amount of $899,488. This project serves Tennessee's 4th Judicial District, which includes Cocke, Sevier, Jefferson, and Grainger counties and has a total combined population of 212,069. The purpose of the proposed Tennessee Recovery Oriented Compliance Strategy (TN-ROCS) Enhancement and Evaluation project is (1) to increase the capacity of this innovative court-based intervention program to link individuals across the district at high risk of overdose to appropriate, evidence-based behavioral health treatment and recovery support services; and (2) to independently validate the TN-ROCS model, such that key findings related to program quality and implementation fidelity can inform current and future data-driven expansion efforts. This project includes partnerships between Cocke County, 4th Judicial District Circuit Court Judge Duane Slone, Dr. Stephen Loyd, Dr. Jennifer Anderson, American Institutes for Research, and Rulo Strategies. All four priority considerations are addressed in this application. Cocke County is a geographically isolated rural area that is plagued by persistently high rates of poverty, substance use, and overdose fatality. Additionally, one census tract within Cocke County (9207.00) has been designated as a Qualified Opportunity Zone.
The Tennessee Department of Health will create an overdose epidemic response coordinator position; integrate data on overdoses that occur and are treated in the field, including data from emergency medical services and law enforcement; and increase the ability to expand analytic work such as studying the roles of new drugs of concern including gabapentin, stimulants, and illicit drugs.
The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program proposes to develop a data information sharing system with public safety and local health departments. The key indicators will include mortality, morbidity, and prescription of behavior-related data using data from death certificates, medical examiner records, syndromic surveillance, prescription drug monitoring data (known as the Controlled Substance Database), emergency department records, and poison control data. These efforts will assist in developing an information sharing system that is timely to inform prevention efforts.
Fairfax County will develop a Secure Integrated Data approach with engagement by representatives of the Fairfax County health and human services community; public safety, education, legal, and technology representatives of the organizations involved; state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) representatives; and service providers to adopt and promote the information sharing efforts. The team will develop data governance structures to support the policy for data sharing and then develop a data sharing model by using global information sharing standards to share data across various systems. George Mason University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. IJIS Institute will provide technical support for the development of a data governance structure.
The Washington State Department of Health (DOH) will link prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data with various public health data sets housed within DOH and expand data visualizations and data sharing to help Washington State (and local partners) make data-based decisions regarding treatment and prevention of prescription drug-related health outcomes.
The Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Indians (a federally recognized Indian Tribe) applied under Category 1c for grant funding in the amount of $589,959. This project will serve the Ojibwe Indian membership of the Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe (LCO) of rural northern Wisconsin. The population of the Tribe is 7,796, with thousands more familial descendants. The purpose of the project is to provide evidence-based opioid treatment that supports services to tribal individuals in need of transitional or recovery housing with a Bimaadiziwin tribal culture-based peer recovery support services, including medication-assisted treatment and recovery. The project will improve collaboration and partnerships between tribal and community-serving agencies in support of an EBT “wraparound” system of comprehensive Anishinaabe culture-based mental health treatment and recovery that uses the ASAM Criteria to determine the most appropriate level of treatment and care. This project includes important partnerships between the LCO Residential Treatment Center and tribal and county human services agencies, such as: LCO Comprehensive Community Services, LCO Tribal Court, LCO Bizhiki Wellness Center, Social Services Department, Vocational Rehabilitation Program, and the Minimaajisewin Home Program. OJP policy priority areas for Category 1 that are addressed by this project application from the Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe applicant are: applications that address specific challenges that rural communities face, individuals who reside in high-poverty areas (the reservation), and individuals who offer enhancements to public safety in economically distressed communities.
Milwaukee County, with an estimated population of 945,726, through the Milwaukee County Medical Examiner’s Office and in collaboration with the Milwaukee Community Justice Council, the Medical College of Wisconsin, and a variety of public health and public safety partners, sought $1,200,000 in Subcategory 1a grant funding to create a Milwaukee Overdose Public Health and Safety Team (OD-PHAST). This project would expand and further coordinate current efforts to address overdoses, as well as overall substance misuse issues across the county. The OD-PHAST project aims to: (1) expand the delivery and analysis of near real-time data between multiple public health and public safety partners; (2) utilize both aggregate data and insights from case reviews to develop strategies and recommendations for changes to reduce the likelihood of future overdose incidents; (3) increase capacity to deliver timely toxicology findings to public health and safety partners; (4) enrich understanding of fatal overdose risk factors through expanded next-of-kin interviews; and (5) connect families impacted by overdose, particularly children, to services to mitigate the impact of the trauma experienced. Priority considerations addressed in this application include high-poverty areas and Qualified Opportunity Zones.
The Milwaukee Prostitution and Opioid Diversion Project (MPOD) within the Milwaukee County Housing Division will establish a public health and justice partnership to address the unique needs of women in street prostitution and sex trafficking who abuse illicit or prescription opioids (and other drugs) and frequently come into contact with the justice system for prostitution or drug-related arrests or as victims of sex trafficking. MPOD will enhance service capacity in the current Sisters Diversion Project, a municipal pre-arrest prostitution diversion program, building on the pre-existing partnership among the Milwaukee Police Department, the Milwaukee County Behavioral Health Division, the Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office, local treatment agencies, and the Medical College of Wisconsin; and enhance coordination and services for women in Milwaukee County’s Early Interventions Program (specifically, its pretrial diversion program). MPOD will engage the Medical College of Wisconsin as the research partner for this project.
The West Allis Health Department will implement the Cardiff Model, an enhanced violence surveillance system and intervention that involves information sharing and violence prevention among law enforcement, public health, and the medical field. The model requires (1) the collection, linking, and mapping of interpersonal violence information from emergency departments, police departments, and other relevant areas (e.g., emergency medical services [EMS]); and (2) the convening of a multidisciplinary stakeholder consortium to discuss and utilize timely information to implement data-informed violence-prevention activities. The Cardiff Model has not been evaluated regarding its impact in the United States and requires evaluation in the proposed health-care, population, and environmental contexts. Further, by incorporating and discussing opioid-related data sets (e.g., the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program [ODMAP], the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program [PDMP]) alongside violence data sets, this model may have utility for addressing the intersection of violence and opioid misuse. The Medical College of Wisconsin and its Comprehensive Injury Center will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Wisconsin Department of Justice (DOJ), in partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services, Department of Health Services, and Medical College of Wisconsin, will develop and enhance local and state information sharing partnerships by adding overdose fatality review teams in eight jurisdictions, providing training to these new teams, and piloting a bidirectional information sharing of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) with the DOJ, emergency medical services, and the medical examiner to better inform prescribers of overdose activity.
The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources proposes a partnership among the West Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services (EMS); the West Virginia Poison Control Center; medical examiners; the West Virginia Office of Maternal, Child and Family Health; and EMS, fire, and law enforcement personnel. The project will develop and enhance information sharing partnerships by linking data and distributing performance measure reports with respect to prehospital naloxone administration as well as fatal and nonfatal overdoses. The University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill Department of Emergency Medicine EMS Performance Improvement Center will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. A Web service will be developed that delivers data to the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).