The State of Alaska Tribal Diversion Project will support multiagency efforts in planning and implementing partnerships with tribes to establish effective law enforcement diversion programs for offenders, including those who abuse illicit or prescription opioids. This funding will support project implementation, enhancement, and management and address the opioid and drug epidemic in tribal communities. The deliverables will include implemented diversion agreements, along with subgrants to Alaska Tribes to directly support their efforts. Funding will also be used to support planning and collaboration among the Department of Law, the Department of Public Safety, the Department of Health and Social Services Division of Juvenile Justice, and Alaska Tribes.
The Tlingit and Haida Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Prevention and Intervention Project will plan, develop, and implement a civil diversion program though the Tlingit and Haida Court that targets Native families in southeast Alaska impacted by opioid abuse. The project will utilize a stakeholder consultation model for completing assessment, capacity building, and strategic planning necessary to implement and sustain a comprehensive, culturally competent diversion program and system.
The Meshik Soul Healing Project will provide screening for substance abuse and referrals to treatment and will incorporate a cultural camp in the Native Village of Port Heiden and provide for appropriate services within the context of the Aleut, Alaska, Native/American Indian culture. The project will serve the villages of Perryville, Pilot Point, Port Heiden, and Ugashik. The villages have tribal councils, which function as tribal governments and are rural communities.
Arkansas Community Correction will establish the capability to provide technology-assisted treatment and recovery services for adult offenders under parole or probation supervision for substance abuse in 15 rural counties by purchasing hardware and software and increasing the bandwidth in the community supervision offices.
The Hoopa Valley Tribe will deliver customized interventions through the criminal justice system of Humboldt County and the Hoopa Valley Tribal Court. Among this project's deliverables are a full community needs assessment, an opioid diversion work plan, the implementation of data tracking systems across multiple domains, and broadened awareness of best practices for both county and tribal partners. The proposed project will be one of the first cross-jurisdictional diversion programs in Indian Country specifically designed to meet the opioid epidemic.
The Yurok Tribal Court’s long-term goal is to develop, implement, and enhance diversion programs to address the escalating opioid epidemic within the Yurok community. The Yurok Tribe will be implementing the Yurok Opioid Diversion to Healing (YODH) Program. YODH will complete a Yurok Tribal Action Plan and community assessment, implement a community education and outreach program and workplace opioid awareness program, develop and implement a screening process in collaboration with the Humboldt and Del Norte Sheriffs’ Offices and the Superior Courts, and establish a formalized diversion process.
The Iowa Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy will facilitate the collation and dissemination of data from multiple sectors into a statewide opioid dashboard, the Iowa Opioid Data Exchange (IODE). The Division of Intelligence and Fusion Center will be the lead implementation agency for this project. Key partners include state agencies and other organizations with primary responsibility for administration of data, which are central to the success of this project. These partners include the Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy, Department of Public Health, Iowa Board of Pharmacy (Prescription Drug Monitoring Program [PDMP]), Iowa Office of State Medical Examiner, Division of Intelligence/State Fusion Center (in coordination with the Midwest High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas [HIDTA]), State Crime Laboratory, Iowa Emergency Medical Services Bureau, Iowa Poison Control Center, and Iowa Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning. The multidisciplinary dashboard will provide a holistic and timely opioid-related surveillance report from a variety of public health and public safety data sets. IODE aims to improve the connectivity, cohesiveness, timeliness, and overall effectiveness of opioid-related surveillance data collection, analysis, and sharing to enhance the health and public safety response in rural communities and larger cities across Iowa.
The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare (IDHW) will build a sustainable data infrastructure to ensure timely collection, analysis, and dissemination of opioid data. In addition, an action researcher will establish a suspected drug-induced death mortality review team. The data will be shared with Idaho’s strategic planning workgroup and other stakeholders. To address vulnerable populations, IDHW will work with the Idaho Office of Drug Policy to distribute naloxone in communities across Idaho. To educate prescribers in rural Idaho on substance abuse treatment and safe prescribing, IDHW will work with the University of Idaho to extend its Project ECHO program, an evidence-based, technology-enabled collaborative learning model that builds a clinician’s knowledge and ability to treat complex conditions. To evaluate Idaho’s efforts in educating prescribers on safe prescribing and prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) utilization, IDHW will contract with a third-party evaluator.
The Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI) and the Indiana Division of Mental Health and Addiction (DMHA) will implement a program that will provide tablets to individuals in three pilot sites with the end goal of allowing for remote monitoring of medications and sobriety by Fayette County Community Corrections. The project, titled “Technology-assisted Treatment Expansion in Fayette County,” will operate in three pilot sites: the Fayette County Sheriff's Department, Fayette County Community Corrections, and the House of Ruth. The pilot sites will be provided with tablets and the associated software. Upon release, eligible participants will be provided with wireless communication devices to allow remote monitoring of medications and sobriety. ICJI and DMHA will collaborate with Indiana University and two local service providers.
INSPECT is Indiana’s Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) administered by the Indiana Board of Pharmacy. The Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI) will partner with the Indiana Professional Licensing Agency (IPLA), which oversees INSPECT’s day-to-day operation, and the Indiana Department of Mental Health and Addiction to enhance INSPECT by providing better training resources, better access to INSPECT for some rural dispensers, and production and dissemination of educational materials mainly about new INSPECT integration software. The project will include online tutorials, webinars, improved access for rural pharmacies, and a multimedia campaign to spread awareness. IPLA and INSPECT staff members will gather and report data performance measurements from the INSPECT database.
The Indiana Division of Mental Health and Addiction, in partnership with the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI), Choices Coordinated Care Solutions (Choices), Centerstone, Relias Analytics, and the Indiana University Center for Collaborative Systems Change, seeks to address the treatment needs of justice-involved individuals of southern Indiana in seven rural counties. The project will use mobile technology hardware, software, internet connectivity, and Web-based services, along with other available resources, to assess participants in drug courts as well as individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) to gain access to services and provide treatment when necessary as a diversion from charges.
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) will form a multidisciplinary team (MDT) of personnel from various community partners in an effort to work collaboratively and share data related to opioid abuse. Five Michigan counties will receive contracted substance abuse services to use during Child Protective Services (CPS) investigations, CPS open cases, and foster care cases. These services will be provided to rural counties that currently do not have access to the resources. MDHHS will provide at least ten “Connection between Trauma, Substance Abuse, and Mental Health” training sessions conducted by Dr. Stephanie Covington and her staff regarding the link between trauma and substance use. This statewide training will be available for all child welfare staff members. Finally, an online training will be developed to ensure that mandated reporters across Michigan have a robust understanding of their reporting requirements. Certification for the training will be provided. The University of Michigan will act as the action researcher to determine whether any changes to policy and child welfare practices would be beneficial.
The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians’ Integrated Opioid Abuse Program will develop a task force composed of tribal decision makers who will create policies and keep agencies accountable to indicators of success. A multidisciplinary team will provide direct services to high-frequency drug users and their families. These two teams will work together to develop a plan to create a secured mental health/opioid abuse treatment center and secure transportation for participants becoming certified peer recovery support specialists.
The New Hampshire Department of Justice will use internet-enabled tablets and a secure application to allow for real-time case monitoring and peer recovery support. Three pilot locations were selected for this project.
The Pueblo of Pojoaque will create the Pueblo of Pojoaque Opioid Prevention and Intervention Project, a court-based, pre-prosecution diversion program. A project coordinator and an outreach worker/case manager will be hired. The State of New Mexico Sentencing Commission will serve as the evaluation partner for the proposed project.
The New York State Unified Court System will partner with the Center for Court Innovation (CCI) and the New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services to implement the New York State Opioid Reduction Teleservices Program. Up to three opioid courts will be selected—based on demonstrated need and rural location—to receive technology-based access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) providers. The court system and CCI researchers will develop materials to educate the field about using remote technology to improve treatment, judicial monitoring, and MAT induction.
The Seneca Nation of Indians Peacemakers Court will address the increasing number of opioid overdoses and overdose-related deaths in the Seneca National Territories by reducing reliance on emergency health care and the criminal justice system by high-frequency opioid users. In partnership with Seneca Strong, a community-based drug and alcohol prevention and recovery program, the Peacemakers Court will create a community-driven, culturally competent diversion project that will specifically target Native American opioid utilizers who have a high number of contacts with multiple systems. The project coordinator will assemble a multidisciplinary team responsible for developing the program’s policy and procedures. Programming will include culturally specific professionals and confidential trainings and individualized wraparound services, in addition to a data analysis.
Butler County will expand the existing pilot Quick Response Team (QRT) to the more rural areas of the county, establish victim services by hiring a care coordinator, expand school-based groups for children of opiate abusers, and establish law enforcement and court-based diversion options for nonviolent opioid abusers. Miami University of Ohio will serve as the local research partner. The applicant agreed to provide data through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction will partner with the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services under the Bureau of Correctional Recovery Services to develop virtual reality products aimed at enhancing treatment services for people with opioid abuse and others with opioid involvement. The pilot sites include two prisons: Dayton Correctional Institution and Warren Correctional Institution. In addition to the two prison sites, two community-supervision offices, both in isolated rural areas with limited access to treatment, have been selected as pilot community sites: Pike County Adult Parole Authority and Scioto County Adult Parole Authority. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Muscogee (Creek) Nation (MCN), the fourth-largest federally recognized tribe in the United States, is proposing the MCN COAP and Treatment Project. Project MCN will pursue three goals. First, MCN will develop an internal referral process to identify tribal citizens suffering from opioid abuse who need additional services and support or citizens at higher risk as a result of exposure. Second, MCN will create an internal database of patient health information to inform and evaluate patient needs for treatment and prevention opportunities. Third, MCN will increase the number of providers certified and licensed for medication-assisted treatment and new telebehavioral health options at a primary care facility. Use of these expanded options will be driven by data analysis and recommendations from a research partner.
The Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services will support the expansion of behavioral telehealth care services in nine counties in Tennessee, seven of which are designated as rural-based, according to the Economic Research Service Rural-Urban Commuting Areas definition. Each of the participating counties has a poverty rate above the statewide average.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Technology-assisted Treatment will expand the continuum of care for participants who need services for opioid abuse but lack the resources (e.g., transportation, recovery support) to obtain the services. The proposed pilot sites shall service clients who have used or abused opioids and are returning to a rural county in or surrounding one of the four cities (Amarillo, Longview, Odessa, and Texarkana) listed among the nation’s top 25 cities identified as having opioid users. These Texas counties may include but are not limited to Angelina, Bowie, Camp, Cass, Cook, Delta, Ector, Fannin, Franklin, Grayson, Gregg, Harrison, Hopkins, Houston, Hunt, Jasper, Kaufman, Lamar, Marion, Midland, Morris, Navarro, Nacogdoches, Newton, Nueces, Panola, Polk, Potter, Red River, Rockwall, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Jacinto, Shelby, Titus, Trinity, Tyler, and Upshur.
Multiple departments within the Makah Tribal Organization have developed the concept of a “Healing Together House” (HTH). The HTH project will support a Law Enforcement-Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program as an alternative to the judicial system, addressing those who cycle in and out of the system with no resolution to their underlying needs. The project will develop a drop-in house to provide services such as a 24-hour safe place, recovery coaching, and a space to share meals with and provide education to a community.
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians, a federally recognized tribe in western Washington State, will implement the Community Reentry Services Project. Members reentering the community from inpatient treatment or a correction facility will receive treatment, case management, peer-to-peer mentorship, and vouchers for housing and transportation.
The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin will develop a Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI) model of law enforcement diversion to reduce opioid abuse and the number of overdose fatalities. Grant funds will be used to support a program coordinator, who will assist in implementing the program; a clinical therapist; and three peer support specialists. The applicant agreed to make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin will mitigate the impact of opioid abuse on crime victims within the Menominee tribal jurisdiction by hiring two full-time crisis response case managers at Tribal Social Services to work with first responders, the Clinic of Behavioral Health, and the Child Protection Team when children are present at the scene of an overdose or are impacted by familial substance abuse. The grant funds will also be used to support a program coordinator who will assist in implementing the program, a clinical therapist, and a family preservation worker.
The West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services (DJCS) will address the opioid crisis in West Virginia by increasing the number of technology-assisted treatment services for individuals involved with the justice system because of an opioid use disorder in rural areas. The program plans to provide mental health services, addiction recovery services, and alternative sanctions or diversions. These services will be implemented through existing community corrections programs and future partnerships to provide risk and need assessments, group counseling, and individual counseling. The project will purchase and install the necessary hardware and software in 12 community corrections programs. The Office of Research and Strategic Planning, a unit within the DJCS, will provide for the research needs of the project.